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Invasive species - Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) in Flanders, Belgium

Latest version published by Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) on Feb 4, 2016 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

Invasive species - Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) in Flanders, Belgium is a species occurrence dataset published by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). The dataset contains over 6,000 occurrences (Chinese mitten crab exclusively) sampled between 2000 and now. The data are compiled from different monitoring initiatives at the INBO. The Chinese mitten crab is listed as a species of EU concern sensu the EU regulation 1143/2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction of invasive alien species (IAS). This requires member states to report on the status of such species. Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/LifeWatchINBO/data-publication/tree/master/datasets/invasive-chinese-mitten-crab-occurrences

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 6,250 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 6,250 records in English (116 KB) - Update frequency: annually
Metadata as an EML file download in English (17 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (14 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Devisscher S, Adriaens T, Brosens D, Desmet P (2015): Invasive species - Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) in Flanders, Belgium. v1.7. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Occurrence. http://doi.org/10.15468/eakzzv

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 258c9ce5-1bda-4001-a192-347c9e7fb186.  Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Belgian Biodiversity Platform.

Keywords

Occurrence; Observation; Chinese mitten crab; Eriocheir sinensis; crustaceans; invasive alien species; non-native species

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Sander Devisscher
Research assistant
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region BE
Tim Adriaens
Researcher
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region BE
Dimitri Brosens
Data liaison officer
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region BE
http://www.biodiversity.be
Peter Desmet
LifeWatch team coordinator
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region BE
http://lifewatch.inbo.be

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Sander Devisscher
Research assistant
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region BE

Who filled in the metadata:

Sander Devisscher
Research assistant
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region BE
Dimitri Brosens
Data liaison officer
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region BE
http://www.biodiversity.be
Peter Desmet
LifeWatch team coordinator
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region BE
http://lifewatch.inbo.be

Geographic Coverage

Flanders, Belgium.

Bounding Coordinates South West [50.68, 2.54], North East [51.51, 5.92]

Taxonomic Coverage

This is a monospecies dataset: all records are Chinese mitten crabs (Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853).

Kingdom  Animalia (animals)
Phylum  Arthropoda
Class  Malacostraca
Order  Decapoda
Family  Varunidae
Genus  Eriocheir
Species  Eriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)

Temporal Coverage

Living Time Period 2000-09-01 - now

Sampling Methods

Most of the Chinese mitten crabs were caught using double fyke nets in rivers and surface waters. These nets sample the lower 50 cm of the water column. The nets are placed parallel to the river's bank, as opposed to normal fyke nets that are placed at a 90° angle to the bank. Mitten crabs were mostly recorded as bycatch of fish monitoring or riverine/estuarine research projects. In most cases, the number of crabs per fyke was recorded, but for high density locations, the density was recorded as the net weight of crabs caught. Counts and weights are not included in this dataset and are available upon request.

Study Extent This dataset is compiled from various data sources (research projects, monitoring programmes, unpublished dataset) available at the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Because many of these studies/projects are small, we chose to extract Chinese mitten crab occurrences from the original (mostly formerly unpublished) datasets and compile them into this dataset. Differens surveys were used to compile this dataset: Survey N° occurrences {"projectName":Volunteer data} 1797 {"projectName":Diverse Locaties} 133 {"projectName":Estuaria vanaf 2013} 230 {"projectName":Estuaria} 430 {"projectName":Evaluatie van visdoorgangen in Vlaamse waterlopen} 13 {"projectName":Moneos} 3 {"projectName":Referentiemeetnet} 44 {"projectName":Verdichtingsmeetnet} 6 {"projectName":VIS} 71 {"projectName":Visbestand stilstaande waters} 2 {"projectName":Visbestand} 33 {"projectName":Vismigratie Merelbeke} 71 {"projectName":Visnevengeulen van Asper en Oudenaarde in de Bovenschelde } 3649 {"projectName":Vrijwilliger data} 2 {"projectName":W&Z project} 29 {"projectName":Zeeschelde} 96
Quality Control Fieldwork was mostly performed by professionals (trained experts or researchers) of the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). However, 1797 records represent volunteer data from a validated citizen science project on the occurrence of fish in the Scheldt estuary. In this case, captures were performed by trained volunteers and data were subject to validation by the researcher involved.

Method step description:

  1. Not provided.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Groom QJ, Desmet P, Vanderhoeven S, Adriaens T (2015) The importance of open data for invasive alien species research, policy and management. Management of Biological Invasions (2015) Volume 6, Issue 2: 119–125 doi: 10.3391/mbi.2015.6.2.02 http://doi.org/10.3391/mbi.2015.6.2.02

Additional Metadata

We strongly believe an open attitude is essential for tackling the IAS problem (Groom et. al 2015). To allow anyone to use this dataset, we have released the data to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/). We would appreciate it however if you read and follow these norms for data use (http://www.inbo.be/en/norms-for-data-use) and provide a link to the original dataset (http://doi.org/10.15468/eakzzv) whenever possible. If you use these data for a scientific paper, please cite the dataset following the applicable citation norms and/or consider us for co-authorship. We are always interested to know how you have used or visualized the data, or to provide more information, so please contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata, opendata@inbo.be or https://twitter.com/LifeWatchINBO.

Purpose Native to the Pacific coasts of China and Korea, Chinese mitten crabs arrived in European waters in the early 1900s and are believed to have been introduced via ship's ballast water and, possibly, intentionally released to establish fisheries (Marquard 1926, Peters et al. 1933, Gollasch 2006). Since its arrival in Germany, the species has rapidly invaded coastal and inland waters throughout Europe. It was first recorded in Belgium in 1933 in the Zeeschelde near Antwerp (Wouters 2002, Boets 2013). Based on recent observations, it is now common in Flanders (Messiaen 2010), in flowing as well as still waters, where it is benefitting from improved water quality (Kerckhof et al. 2007, Stevens 2010). In the last few years, the species has increased in distribution area and numbers, and is now colonizing inland waters. The Scheldt estuary is the most important invasion route, where its numbers seem to have stabilized in recent years (unpublished data, INBO). The seasonal upstream migration of mitten crabs has become a well known phenomenon in Flanders (e.g. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSBqwufl3pA), but its impact in the region is not well known. The Chinese mitten crab is listed as a species of EU concern sensu the EU regulation 1143/2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction of invasive alien species (IAS). This regulation requires member states to set up surveillance and early warning, as well as rapidly eradicate new introductions of a selection of IAS. Additionally, it requires member states to set up management programmes for widely established species and to evaluate and report on the progress of these programmes. To do this, baseline data on the distribution of selected IAS are needed, which is one of the reasons we are publishing these data.
Alternative Identifiers 258c9ce5-1bda-4001-a192-347c9e7fb186
http://data.inbo.be/ipt/resource?r=invasive-chinese-mitten-crab-occurrences